Sixty Dome Mosque

The Sixty Dome Mosque (Bengali: ষাট গম্বুজ মসজিদ Shaṭ Gombuj Moshjid; more commonly known as Shait Gambuj Mosque or Saith Gunbad Masjid), is a mosque in Bagerhat, Bangladesh. It is a part of the Mosque City of Bagerhat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the largest mosque in Bangladesh from the sultanate period (1352–1576). It was built during the Bengal Sultanate by Khan Jahan Ali, the governor of the Sundarbans. It has been described as "one of the most impressive Muslim monuments in the whole of South Asia."
Sixty Dome Mosque

The Sixty Dome Mosque is more commonly known as Shait Gambuj Mosque or Saith Gunbad Masjid), is a mosque in Bagerhat, Bangladesh. It is a part of the Mosque City of Bagerhat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the largest mosque in Bangladesh from the sultanate period (1352–1576). It was built during the Bengal Sultanate by Khan Jahan Ali, the governor of the Sundarbans. It has been described as “one of the most impressive Muslim monuments in the whole of South Asia.

History

The Sixty Dome Mosque (Bengali: ষাট গম্বুজ মসজিদ Shaṭ Gombuj Moshjid; more commonly known as Shait Gambuj Mosque or Saith Gunbad Masjid), is a mosque in Bagerhat, Bangladesh. It is a part of the Mosque City of Bagerhat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the largest mosque in Bangladesh from the sultanate period (1352–1576). It was built during the Bengal Sultanate by Khan Jahan Ali, the governor of the Sundarbans. It has been described as "one of the most impressive Muslim monuments in the whole of South Asia."
Location of Bagerhat District in Bangladesh

In the middle of the 15th century, a Muslim colony was founded in the mangrove forest of the Sundarbans, near the coast in the Bagerhat District by a saint-General, named Khan Jahan Ali. He preached in an affluent city during the reign of Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah, then known as ‘Khalifatabad’. Khan Jahan adorned this city with more than a dozen mosques, the ruins of which are focused around the most imposing and largest multi-domed mosques in Bangladesh, known as the Shait-Gumbad Masjid (160’×108′).The construction of the mosque was started in 1442 and it was completed in 1459. The mosque was used for prayers, and also as a madrasha and assembly hall.

Location

It is located in Bagerhat district in southern Bangladesh which is in Khulna Division. It is about 5 kilometres (3 mi) from the main town of Bagerhat. Bagerhat is nearly 320 km (200 mi) from Dhaka which is the capital of Bangladesh.

The Sixty Dome Mosque (Bengali: ষাট গম্বুজ মসজিদ Shaṭ Gombuj Moshjid; more commonly known as Shait Gambuj Mosque or Saith Gunbad Masjid), is a mosque in Bagerhat, Bangladesh. It is a part of the Mosque City of Bagerhat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the largest mosque in Bangladesh from the sultanate period (1352–1576). It was built during the Bengal Sultanate by Khan Jahan Ali, the governor of the Sundarbans. It has been described as "one of the most impressive Muslim monuments in the whole of South Asia."
Southeastern View

Style

The ‘Sixty Dome’ Mosque has walls of unusually thick, tapered brick in the Tughlaq style and a hut-shaped roofline that anticipates later styles. The mosque has an oblong plan of 148’6″ x 101’4″ externally and 123’3″ x 76’2″ internally.There are 77 low domes arranged in seven rows of eleven, and one dome on each corner, bringing the total to 81 domes. There are four towers. Two of four towers were used to call the azaan. The interior is divided into many aisles and bays by slender columns, which culminate in numerous arches that support the roof.

The Sixty Dome Mosque (Bengali: ষাট গম্বুজ মসজিদ Shaṭ Gombuj Moshjid; more commonly known as Shait Gambuj Mosque or Saith Gunbad Masjid), is a mosque in Bagerhat, Bangladesh. It is a part of the Mosque City of Bagerhat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the largest mosque in Bangladesh from the sultanate period (1352–1576). It was built during the Bengal Sultanate by Khan Jahan Ali, the governor of the Sundarbans. It has been described as "one of the most impressive Muslim monuments in the whole of South Asia."
Sixty dome mosque in the evening

The mosque has 77 squat domes with 7 four-sided pitched Bengali domes in the middle row. The vast prayer hall, although provided with 11 arched doorways on east and 7 each on north and south for ventilation and light, presents a dark and somber appearance inside. It is divided into 7 longitudinal aisles and 11 deep bays by a forest of 60 slender stone columns, from which springs rows of endless arches, supporting the domes. 1.8 m (6 ft) thick, slightly tapering walls and hollow and round, almost detached corner towers, resembling the bastions of fortress, each capped by small rounded cupolas, recall the Tughlaq architecture of Delhi. The western wall has eleven mihrabs on the interior where ten are blind and the central one is projected on the exterior.The mosque represents wonderful archeological beauty which was the signature in the 15th century.

The Sixty Dome Mosque (Bengali: ষাট গম্বুজ মসজিদ Shaṭ Gombuj Moshjid; more commonly known as Shait Gambuj Mosque or Saith Gunbad Masjid), is a mosque in Bagerhat, Bangladesh. It is a part of the Mosque City of Bagerhat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the largest mosque in Bangladesh from the sultanate period (1352–1576). It was built during the Bengal Sultanate by Khan Jahan Ali, the governor of the Sundarbans. It has been described as "one of the most impressive Muslim monuments in the whole of South Asia."
Sixty Dome Mosque Bangladesh

Sixty domes or sixty columns

The mosque is locally known as the ‘Shat Gombuj Masjid’, which in Bengali means Sixty Domed Mosque. However, there are 77 domes over the main hall and exactly 60 stone pillars. It is possible that the mosque was originally referred to as the Sixty Pillared Mosque where Amud (شصت عمؤد ) meaning column in Arabic/Persian, later got corrupted to Gombuj (গম্বুজ) in Bengali, which means domes.

Gallery

How to go

It is located in Bagerghat district of Khulna divison. A cycle-rickshaw from the bus stand to the Shat Gombuj Mosque should run around Tk 10. Unless you’re in a hurry, you may want to just walk to the sights from the bus stand. Head west along the main road, a fairly nice walk save for the speedy honking buses. The first sight you’ll come to is the dargah; start asking around for it after about 5km or so. Shat Gombuj mosque is another 2 km or so west along the main road from the dargah turn off.

How To Reach: Bagerhat district

Bagerhat District is linked with Dhaka and other districts by road and Water. You can use any of those.

Many bus services are available from Dhaka to Bagerhat. Some of them are listed below for your assistance:

  1. Meghna Paribahan
    Sayedabad Terminal
    Contact: 0171717388553
    Fare: TK 350 (Approx.)
  2. Shakura Paribahan
    Gabtoli Terminal
    Contact: 01711010450
    Fare: TK 500 (Approx.)
  3. Porjotok Paribahan
    Sayadabad Terminal
    Contact: 01711131078
    Fare: TK 350 (Approx.)
  4. Shohag Paribahan
    Gabtoli Terminal
    Contact: 01718679302
    Fare: TK 380 (Approx.)

Where to Stay

There are only a very few hotels in Bagerhat where you may consider staying in. Our recommendation is:

  1. Momtaz Hotel
    Area: Rail road Bagerhat
    It has simple accommodation with limited facilities and moderately good service. However, the place is costly. There are few more comparable hotels nearby the same area.
  2. Hotel Jalico
    Jalil Tower 77, Lower Jessore Road, Khulna-9100,
    Bangladesh.
    Phone: +880-41-283962, 811883, 810933, 725912
    Mobile: +880-175-743477
    Fax: +880-41-724048
    E-mail: jalickhotel@yahoo.com, info@hoteljalico.com
    Website: www.hoteljalico.com
  3. Hotel Al-Prince And Bar
    Mongla Port, Bagerhat, khulna, Bangladesh
    Phone 88-04658-482

Things to do

With Shat Gumbuj Mosque, you can see some other smaller mosques. These are Bibi Begni’s Mosque, about 500m behind Shat Gombuj mosque and across a large pond, which has some interesting floral motifs; the bulbous Chunakhola Mosque, in a paddy field about 500m behind Bibi Begni’s; and Singar Mosque, across the highway from Shat Gombuj mosque.

Eating Facilities

If you are hungry, you may search for restaurants or fast food shops nearby. You may also carry your own food.

Travel Tips

There isn’t much to buy here aside from some prayer beads and other little trinkets near the dargah.

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